The Enemy of our Enemy is our Friend
The Phage: the bacteria eater

Corporate Development


The "Global Phage Therapy Market: Size, Trends & Forecasts (2019 Edition)" report presents an analysis of the global phage market in terms of value. This is followed by a market opportunity analysis of phage therapy in diseases such as Bacteremia and HAP, VAP and CF Pneumonia. The report also includes the analysis of different phages such as AP-SA01 and AP-PA02 in terms of value for the US region.


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Bacteriophages Therapy Market Global 2019:
Size, Trends, Share, Growth, Key Mergers, Demand Analysis by 2026

Bacteriophages Therapy Market research report provides the newest industry data and industry future trends, allowing you to identify the products and end users driving revenue growth and profitability. The industry report offers a Global Forecast till 2026, lists the leading competitors and provides the insights strategic industry analysis of the key factors influencing the market.

To Be Published : Oct 2019
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New investment by pharmaceutical companies, is gathering pace now that genetically modified phages can be patented. Locus Biosciences is a biotechnology company that develops CRISPR-engineered precision antibacterial products. Its CRISPR-Phage ("crPhage") platform combines the antibacterial power of CRISPR-Cas3 with the efficient, safe delivery of bacterial viruses called bacteriophage. It's a new kind of antibiotic made out of viruses that have been genetically modified using the gene-editing tool CRISPR and Johnson & Johnson is now in a partnership worth hundreds of millions with Locus Biosciences, a North Carolina-based company which specializes in using boutique phages to inject CRISPR-Cas3 into bacteria. CRISPR-Cas3 is often compared to Pac-Man: once inside the bacteria, it shreds the bacteria's DNA like so many blue ghosts, killing it.  By selectively removing unwanted bacteria while leaving the many species of good bacteria intact, crPhage™ can address the growing set of diseases shown to be related to the human microbiome.


Later this year, Dr. Michael Priebe and his colleagues plan to start infusing cocktails containing billions of bacteriophages genetically modified with CRISPR into patients at six centers around the United States.

"If we're successful, this revolutionizes the treatment of infections," he adds. "This can be the game changer that takes us out of this arms race with the resistant bacteria and allows us to use a totally different mechanism to fight the pathogenic bacteria that are infecting us."

Locus' genetically modified phages help alleviate one of the challenges of phage therapy, which is that lytic phages do not always kill every bacteria. Locus can engineer the phages to have a more effective "depth of killing profile," helping to ensure that everything the phage hunts is killed.

There's also potential in using phages as biological, targeted syringes. "In theory, you can deliver all different kinds of enzymes that do all different kinds of things," Joseph Nixon, senior vice president of business development at Locus. . Nixon envisions phages being used to pinpoint cancer targets and — what he deems the "holy grail" - central nervous system targets.  Theoretically, phages could be used to target bacteria in other ways, potentially increasing their pathogenicity instead of killing them. Luckily, that's unlikely, as there are more practical methods available for weaponizing bacteria, including CRISPR-Cas tools.

Armata Pharmaceuticals Announces Publication of Successful Adjunctive Phage Treatment in Cystic Fibrosis Patient
Armata's bacteriophage, AP-PA01, used to treat multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection
MARINA DEL REY, Calif, May 28, 2019 /PRNewswire/ --

Armata Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NYSE American: ARMP), a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on precisely targeted bacteriophage therapeutics for antibiotic-resistant infections, today announced the publication of a paper appearing in the peer-reviewed journal Infection describing a case study involving a cystic fibrosis patient who was successfully treated for a multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection with the Company's natural phage product, AP-PA01. The paper, entitled "Successful adjunctive use of bacteriophage therapy for treatment of multidrug‑resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in a cystic fibrosis patient," appears in the peer-reviewed journal Infection. In addition to its work with AP-PA01, Armata is engineering its Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage to create a new, synthetic phage product, AP-PA02.

Saima Aslam, MD, MS, Associate Professor, Medical Director, Solid Organ Transplant Infectious Diseases, Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Public Health at the University of California, San Diego, principal investigator and co-author of the paper. "This successful outcome speaks to the great potential of phage-based therapeutics to address the growing threat of antibiotic resistance and provides very strong rationale for continued development."  

"The publication of this successful treatment case study, with an Armata phage administered through our single-patient expanded access program, adds to the impressive and growing body of evidence demonstrating the effectiveness of our phage product candidates, and bacteriophage in general," said Todd R. Patrick, Chief Executive Officer of Armata.

"To solidify our position as a leader in the development of phage-based therapeutics, we are currently working with key opinion leaders to map out an efficient clinical strategy for both our Pseudomonas and Staphylococcus phage product candidates, and plan to file an IND later this year for our Staphylococcus phage candidate.  Treatment of single patients through the expanded access program has been very helpful in demonstrating the promise of phage therapy. However, the reality is that supporting compassionate use cases limits our ability to focus our resources on formal clinical trials required for FDA approval to bring a potential solution to all patients suffering from drug-resistant bacterial infections. With the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance, it is extremely important that we take the necessary steps to perform rigorous clinical trials so we can move toward commercialization of alternatives to traditional antibiotics." 

With a market capitalization of US$35m, Armata Pharmaceuticals is a small cap stock, so it might not be well known by many institutional investors.  Armata's phage-based product candidates aim to address areas of significant unmet clinical need by targeting key antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Armata's lead product candidate, AP-SA01, is a Phase 1/2-ready asset that targets Staphylococcus aureus, including multidrug-resistant strains. In addition, Armata is also developing and advancing a broad pipeline of proprietary synthetic phage candidates, including a synthetic phage for Pseudomonas aeruginosa. 

Armata has also partnered with Merck to develop proprietary synthetic phage candidates designed to target an undisclosed infectious disease agent.

Viruses have a bad reputation — but some might just be the weapon we need to help in the fight against superbugs. While many viruses do cause deadly diseases, others can actually help cure them, he says — and they're called phages. More formally known as bacteriophages, these viruses hunt, infect and kill bacteria with deadly selectivity. Whereas antibiotics inhibit the growth of broad range of bacteria - sometimes good bacteria, like you find in the gut - phages target specific strains. Belcredi's team has estimated that we have at least ten billion phages on each hand, infecting the bacteria that accumulate there.

>Proactive Investors Interview with Alexander Belcredi

Published 8 January 2019. CEO Alexander Belcredi sat down with Christine Corrado with Proactive Investors at the 11th Annual BioTech Showcase in San Francisco.  The privately-held biotech specializes in developing therapeutics uses for phage therapy, which uses lytic bacteriophages, a virus that infects bacteria, to treat multidrug resistant bacterial infections.

>How a long forgotten virus could help us solve the antibiotics crisis.

November 2018: Ted Talk by Alexander Belcredi, CEO PhagoMed Biopharma. He spent nine years at BCG where he was part of the global health care team, focusing on pharma and medtech. He became acutely aware of the urgent need to develop alternatives to antibiotics and was fascinated by the role that phage therapy can play. In 2017, he co-founded PhagoMed Biopharma GmbH, as a biotech company to develop phage-based pharmaceuticals to treat bacterial infections.

A pioneer in the field of targeted antibacterial technology, Micreos develops cutting-edge proprietary products and technology like PhageGuard. Its success is based on a history of successful collaborations with top universities, institutes and customers around the globe.   Believing that a solid scientific foundation is necessary for the delivery of real and sustainable solutions, its  innovative research is regularly featured in scientific journals and media publications worldwide.

Micreos offer innovative application solutions that have no effect on the taste, texture, appearance or aroma of food products. The company has a GMP-quality research, development and quality control are conducted at our Phage Technology & Production Centres in The Netherlands.

Staphefekt™, developed by Micreos, is the world's first endolysin available for human use on intact skin, and it is the world's first product that selectively kills Staphylococcus aureus including MRSA. Staphefekt™ specifically targets Staphylococcus aureus, including strains that are resistant to antibiotics such as MRSA. Thanks to its bacterial specificity it leaves beneficial bacteria unharmed, which is especially important in case of longer term use. Staphefekt XDR.300 is an aseptic liquid solution. Micreos has also developed a series of creams and gels containing Staphefekt, for people with skin conditions with an infectious component, like acne, eczema, rosacea and skin irritation. These are available under the Gladskin brand.  Endolysins are bacteria-killing enzymes that originate from bacteriophages (phages), the natural enemy of bacteria. Both have been around for billions of years. The Staphefekt endolysin exhibits two additional useful characteristics to combat bacterial infections: rapid killing of bacteria and very limited likelihood of emerging resistance.


Microbiome Health Sciences…For Life
PROTEON uses precision biology for microbiome protection to improve animal and human health, increasing environmental sustainability and eliminating the unnecessary use of antibiotics. Proteon uses bacteriophages as the foundation for preventing and eradicating infectious diseases in animals, human and plants. Bacteriophages are naturally occurring organisms in the microbiome and they offer an exciting alternative to antibiotics in combating pathogenic bacteria including antibiotic resistant microbes (AMR). PROTEON's therapeutic products are safe for humans, animals and plants and are based on environmentally sustainable methods and approaches.

The company has developed a unique phage-platform using proprietary tools and expertise in microbiology, DNA sequencing and bioinformatics which enables continued discovery of new solutions for a wide variety of industries and applications.  Its first product, BAFASAL® , is a feed additive that prevents and eliminates salmonella on the poultry farm. Ptoteon's first aquaculture product, BAFADOR®, a feed additive, prevents and eliminates opportunistic infections in the aquaculture pen while enhancing immune function.  All products are designed so that in addition to their functional benefits they enhance on-farm productivity and increase the environmental sustainability of livestock production.

Phagelux utilizes phages, lysins and other biologics and related delivery technologies to create antibacterial products and solutions. Headquartered in Shanghai, it has a cumulative of four research laboratories worldwide and also manufacturing facilities in both the United States and China. Phagelux has both HumanHealth and AgriHealth divisions (crop sciences, animal health and food safety). The HumanHealth Division has 5 products under development. The AgriHealth division has 6 products on the market with another 10 under development.

The Phagelux mission is to be a leading global anti-infectives company by utilizing various biological solutions to address bacterial problems across multiple industries, particularly targeting antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria. The AgriPhage™ product line is full of EPA registered biopesticides that prevent and control harmful bacteria on tomato and pepper plants, apple and pear trees, and citrus trees. China is the largest grower and exporter of tomatoes and peppers.

AgriPhage:  Biological control for bacterial spot and bacterial speck on tomatoes and peppers -  Focusing on Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria and Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato.

Pherecydes Pharma and BIOASTER join forces for the PhagUTI project
Romainville and Lyon, France, July 16, 2019

In order to explore the use of phage therapy to treat complicated urinary tract infections, Pherecydes Pharma and BIOASTER, the French Technology Research Institute (TRI) for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, announced the signing of a collaboration agreement.

Pherecydes Pharma and BIOASTER join forces to explore the use of phage therapy to treat complicated urinary tract infections. E. coli is the main pathogen responsible for Urinary Tract Infections (UTI), in particular catheter-associated UTI (CAUTI) and Pyelonephritis. The objective of this project is to demonstrate the in vivo efficacy of phage therapy to treat urinary tract E. coli infections.

Pherecydes Pharma and BIOASTER, the French Technology Research Institute (TRI) for Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, announced the signing of a collaboration agreement. The PhagUTI project is a unique opportunity for the partners to capitalize on BIOASTER's unique expertise in pre-clinical models and the extensive experience of Pherecydes in the selection, characterization and production of bacteriophages.

In the last few decades, antibiotics have turned life-threatening diseases into short-term disorders and have had a major positive impact on public health and the global economy. Today, however, this progress is under serious threat due to the rapidly increasing emergence of antibiotic resistance.  Worldwide, an estimated 700,000 resistant infections occur in hospitals annually. A recently published report forecasts that this could lead to 10 million deaths per year by 2050 and a cumulative cost over $100 trillion. Moreover, the widespread resistance to antibiotics threatens the most common medical and surgical procedures in modern medicine that it would no longer be possible to perform.  The increasing threat of resistance to existing antibiotics has been the major driver in the renewed interest in bacteriophages treatment; phages being the natural predators of bacteria.

"This project will be an important step forward for phage therapy and a new hope for patients," commented Guy-Charles Fanneau de la Horie, CEO of Pherecydes Pharma. "We are looking forward to working with BIOASTER on this fascinating project," he added.

"This collaborative program illustrates BIOASTER's ambition very well; bringing together partners' complementary expertise for accelerating innovation towards new effective solutions for the patients," said Nathalie Garçon, CEO & CSO of BIOASTER. "We are very proud to be part of this exciting project with Pherecydes that will generate new avenues for alternative treatments of multi-drug resistant bacterial infections."

PhagoPROD, one of the first GMP manufacturing suites of bacteriophages in Europe

Since November 1st 2018, Pherecydes is benefiting from substantial financial support (€ 2.4 million) to set up a bacteriophage pharmaceutical production unit.  The PhagoPROD project (ID SEP-210493268) supported by a grant from the SME-Instrument (H2020 EIC-SME INSTRUMENT-2-2018-2020) of the European Commission aims at setting-up, optimizing and scaling-up our GMP manufacturing and GLP diagnostic (Phagogram) processes. The ultimate goal of PhagoPROD is to achieve large-scale commercialization and distribution of Pherecydes Pharma bacteriophages on the European Community territory.

PhagoPROD is addressing all existing technical, industrial and regulatory hurdles to reach the following milestones:

  • Be granted the "pharmaceutical" company status by the French medicinal regulatory agency (ANSM) for the GMP manufacturing site located in Nantes (France);
  • Become an authorized medical biology laboratory to deliver phagogram results obtained under GLP standards.

PhagoPROD will last 24 months and require hiring new competencies, invest in new equipment and acquire regulatory expertise to reach the outcomes. An overall budget of €3,7 million is planned including the €2.5 million European Commission grant (65% coverage). The company funds raised in December 2017 allow Pherecydes to self-finance the remaining 35%.

The PhagoPROD project has been especially selected by the European Commission to illustrate the "Health" topic of its "InvestEU" communication campaign.

The technologies developed by Fixed Phage are platform technologies and have the ability to address a wide range of applications in society.  This flexibility derives from the underpinning immobilisation technology, which can coat a diverse range of substrates with phages, thereby giving the base substrate inherent anti-microbial properties. The patented immobilisation technology can allow fixing phages onto substrates as diverse as plastic sheets and powders.

Dr Jason Clark and his team at Fixed-Phage work in a custom designed laboratory and support infrastructure facilities located at the prestigious West of Scotland Science Park.  Its in-house abilities include all work required to identify, manufacture and work with bacteriophage.  Fixed Phage continually invests in innovation and its team presents at conferences and exhibitions around the world.  

With the increasing prevalence of antibiotic resistance, new treatments are needed. Phages offer one viable alternative but as large biological molecules they are sensitive to environmental stresses.  The Fixed Phage technology uses a high-voltage electrical discharge to "immobilise" (irreversibly covalently attach) phages to almost any surface.  This immobilisation not only retains phages at sites where they can have the maximum antibacterial effect but also has a stabilising effect, extending the viability of phages at ambient temperatures from weeks to years.  The Fixed Phage technology is protected by a suite of granted and pending patents in all important global marketplaces.

The Fixed Phage technology uses a high-voltage electrical discharge to "immobilise" (irreversibly covalently attach) phages to almost any surface. This immobilisation not only retains phages at sites where they can have the maximum antibacterial effect but also has a stabilising effect, extending the viability of phages at ambient temperatures from weeks to years.

The Fixed Phage technology is cheap and clean to apply; it uses only electricity and no other chemicals or bonding agents and surfaces can be activated in a fraction of a second.  Almost any surface can be treated, meaning the technology is a platform that can be used in to target a wide range of bacterial problems. Currently, the company is focussing on three key areas: aquaculture, animal feed and food packing.  However, the technology also has applications in the fields of agriculture, human health and other areas

Intralytix, Inc. is a privately-held company founded by Georgian, Dr. Alexander Sulakvelidze in 1998 and headquartered in Baltimore, Maryland. The Company is focused on using its core bacteriophage/phage technology platform to improve human health through the development and commercialization of innovative natural products for use in food processing, environmental cleanliness, veterinary applications, human therapeutics, dietary supplements/probiotics and antibiotic resistance problems.

Intralytix's phage technology is based on the philosophy that naturally-occurring bacteriophages provide one of the safest and most environmentally-friendly, targeted approaches for dealing with bacterial infections in a variety of settings. Phages are "Nature's way" of controlling bacteria on this planet, and they have played and continue to play a critical role in maintaining (via a well-balanced predator-prey relationship) microbial balance in every ecosystem where bacteria are present. Thus, Intralytix's philosophy is to use this natural approach to control pathogenic bacteria in limited, specific settings where those bacteria may cause human illness or other problems.

Intralytix's core phage technology stipulates construction of natural, safe, and effective phage preparations from a library of well-characterized bacteriophages isolated from the environment. After they are in Intralytix's phage collection, the phages are not genetically engineered or altered in any way. However, they are rigorously characterized and carefully selected to produce phage cocktails optimal for specific applications. At the present time, Intralytix's library of lytic bacteriophages is one of the largest and best characterized in the world. Also, it is continuously being updated with new phages, in order to include bacteriophages lytic against additional bacterial pathogens or bacterial strains of particular concern in specific geographic locations or in specific food processing or clinical settings.

Intralytix was the first company in the world to receive FDA-approval for a phage-based product for food safety applications. To learn more about Intralytix, Inc. or its products please visit

For an excellent History of Bacteriophages visit

Bacteriophage Expert Dr. Alexander Sulakvelidze

Published 21 August 2015.
Dr. Sulakvelidze, a renowned authority in the field of bacteriophage therapy, shares his views on the role of bacteriophages in combating antimicrobial resistance - AMR.

Interview with A Sulakvelidze

In 2003, as multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria was starting to pose a serious international health risk, National Institutes of Health (NIH) scientist Carl R. Merril, MD, published a pivotal article that outlined prior limitations of phage therapy and suggested concepts that have emerged as the modern approach. In 2010, the Biological Defense Research Directorate (BDRD) of the US Navy began an initiative to explore Dr. Merril's concepts as a potential way to deal with biodefense threats associated with MDR superbugs.

In 2016 this approach achieved a significant milestone with the successful rescue of Tom Patterson, a critically ill A. baumannii infected patient. Tom Patterson's case was immediately followed by numerous additional patient cases. In response for the need to translate the Navy's phage research into a commercially available therapy, Adaptive Phage Therapeutics (APT) was founded by Dr. Merril and his son Greg Merril. The company acquired world-wide exclusive rights to BDRD's phage technology and began efforts to optimize precision phage therapy for rapid, cost effective, clinical adoption.

Adaptive Phage Therapeutic's (APT's) approach creates the unique capability of adapting to the emergence of future antibiotic-resistant superbugs. It's PhageBank's precision targeted, genomically screened, and highly purified phage collection is dynamically expanding in response to the emergence of new strains of bacterial superbugs.

It is now known that a single phage strain can generally infect only a single bacterial strain. Thus, in contrast to antibiotics which are effective against many different organisms, a purified phage strain is limited, but highly effective, against the strain of bacteria it can lyse. If bacterial resistance emerges in response to the initial phage administration, APT is able to rapidly identify a new phage that is effective against the mutated strain. This process can be continued until the bacterial infection is cured. No conventional antibiotics can be developed to deal with bacterial resistance with such rapidity.

APT's methodology was previously not possible as it required breakthroughs in several areas including: genomics, virus purification, high-throughput automated phage-bacteria matching technology (HRQT™), and years of phage collection by the BIological Defense Research Directorate of the US Department of Defense.

Improving the health and quality of life of patients is the goal at the research-driven pharmaceutical company, Boehringer Ingelheim. Family-owned since it was established in 1885, Boehringer Ingelheim is one of the pharmaceutical industry's top global 20 companies. Some 50,000 employees create value through innovation every day for the three business areas: human pharmaceuticals; animal health; and, biopharmaceuticals. In 2017, Boehringer Ingelheim achieved net sales of around €18.1 billion and our investment in research corresponded to 17% of net sales.

Boehringer Ingelheim concentrate on developing innovative therapies that can extend patients' lives. In 2017, we spent around €3.1 billion on research and development, with three sites for human health and a network of more than 20 sites for animal health. The company believes that the free exchange of scientific information is the basis for innovation in medicine, especially the exchange of scientific results from human, interventional, and non-interventional clinical studies . As a research-driven pharmaceutical company, Boehringer Ingelheim supports this principle by seeking publication of the scientific results from all it's studies in peer reviewed journals and at scientific meetings, regardless of study outcome.

BiomX is a microbiome company developing customized phage therapies designed to target and destroy harmful bacteria in chronic diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and colorectalcancer (CRC), as well as bacteria that affect the appearance of the skin. We discover and validate proprietary bacterial targets and customize our natural and engineered phage compositions against these targets.

The Company's platforms use computational and synthetic biology and cutting-edge research from Profs. Rotem Sorek, Ph.D., Eran Elinav, M.D., Ph.D., and Eran Segal, Ph.D., of The Weizmann Institute of Science; and Professor Timothy K. Lu, M.D., Ph.D., of The Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Phico Therapeutics is a biotechnology company developing a novel platform technology which it believes could form the basis for a new generation of antibiotics to overcome antibacterial resistance. Its  SASPject™ platform delivers pan-spectrum anti-bacterial proteins called small acid-soluble spore proteins, or SASPs, to selected bacterial species using targetable nano-delivery vehicles (NDVs). SASPject™ works by injecting a gene that encodes SASP directly into the targeted bacteria. The injected gene then produces SASPs, which bind to bacterial DNA and inactivate it. SASPs "turn off" DNA so the targeted bacterial cell cannot metabolise or reproduce. The immune system can then remove the bacteria from the body.

SASPs bind to all bacterial DNA, irrespective of the sequence of that DNA. Spontaneous mutations in DNA, or the import of new DNA that gives new characteristics to the bacterial cell, are key ways in which bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics. Neither of these strategies affects the ability of SASP to bind to and inactivate bacterial DNA.

This approach has the potential to provide a number of significant advantages over traditional antibiotics:

  • The unique mode of action of SASP makes it unlikely the bacteria will be able to develop resistance to this anti-bacterial protein
  • SASPject technology can be used to target any selected bacteria, individual or multiple bacterial species or genera, including those that are multi-antibiotic resistant.
  • Unlike conventional antibiotics, SASPject has no effect on any bacteria other than those at which it is targeted. Normal skin and gut bacteria ("good bacteria") are unharmed.
  • SASPject target specificity prevents the release of toxins and other inflammatory cell components from non-target bacteria thus potentially minimising associated side effects.
  • SASPject has the potential to limit the further spread of antibiotic resistance genes and to shrink the current antibiotic resistance pool

SASPject™ PT3 is being developed against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. These infections can involve any part of the human body, but most commonly cause urinary tract, lung, bloodstream, wound/burn, and intra-abdominal infections.  P. aeruginosa is responsible for a number of hospital-acquired infections with its incidence in intensive care units having risen sharply and its incidence almost doubling between the mid 1970's and early 2000's. The increasing incidence of P. aeruginosa of strains showing multi-drug resistance against commonly used first-line antibiotics has resulted in the U.S. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) classifying P. aeruginosa as a serious threat to human health. The PT3 project has been supported by Innovate UK.

SASPject™ PT4 and SASPject™ PT5 are being developed for systemic (intravenous) use against both Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli respectively. These bacteria cause a wide range of infections, which can be serious or life threatening as isolates which are resistant to almost all conventional antibiotics continue to spread around the globe, resulting in very poor treatment outcomes. PT4 and PT5 projects are supported by a Wellcome Translation Award.

SASPject™ PT1.2 targets Staphylococcus aureus, including MRSA. MRSA infections are now a global problem in hospitals, with thousands of fatalities recorded as a result of their presence, and their control is vital to many national health systems. SASPject™ PT1.2 will be used for the intra-nasal decolonisation of the bacteria. A Phase I clinical trial has been successfully completed.

AmpliPhi Biosciences
AmpliPhi Biosciences (NYSE American: APHB) is a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on the development of bacteriophage-based therapies for the treatment of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. Antibiotic resistance is a major global challenge to human health as the incidence of antibiotic-resistant infections continues to increase, resulting in seemingly harmless infections causing serious morbidity or even death. "A post-antibiotic era means, in effect, an end to modern medicine as we know it. Things as common as strep throat or a child's scratched knee could once again kill." Dr. Margaret Chan, WHO's Director General, 2014.

Ampliphibio believe that phage therapeutics are uniquely positioned to address the serious threat of antibiotic-resistance. They can be precisely targeted to kill select bacteria, have a mechanism of action distinct from those of antibiotics, can penetrate and disrupt biofilms (a common bacterial defense mechanism against antibiotics), are potentially synergistic with antibiotics, and have been shown to restore antibiotic sensitivity to drug-resistant bacteria.  Their lead development programs target the World Health Organization's (WHO's) "Priority Pathogens".

AmpliPhi Biosciences and C3J Therapeutics 
Merger looks to create bacteriophages to counter antibiotic resistance

14-May-2019 By Maggie Lynch, AmpliPhi Biosciences and C3J Therapeutics merge to focus on the development of phage-based therapeutic candidates for antibiotic resistance. CLICK HERE FOR FULL STORY

AmpliPhi collaborates with UCSD to help a 65 yr-old heart patient, Joel Grimwood, who was in dire need. Joel had been suffering from multiple serious infections for 3 years.

>University of Leicester Announce a potential for phage treatment of C-diff infection

Published on 15 June 2015. A specialist team of scientists, including Dr Martha Clokie, from the University of Leicester has isolated viruses that eat bacteria – called phages - to specifically target the highly infectious hospital superbug Clostridium difficile (C. diff).  Now an exciting new collaboration between the University of Leicester, the University of Glasgow and AmpliPhi Biosciences Corporation could lead to the use of bacteriophages for treating the superbug Clostridium difficile infections. Dr Clokie has spent time at the Elieva Institute of bacteriophages, Georgia.